Trampoline: The Trampoline competition at the 2012 Game-s, the newest of the three Gymnastics discipl-ines on the Olym-pic progra-mme. Devised in the 1930s at the University of Iowa, the first modern trampoline was initially used as a training tool for tumblers, astronauts and athletes. However, it gre-w in popularity to such an extent that in 1964 the first ever Trampoline World Cha-mpionships were held. Since its Olympic debut in 2000, the sport has consiste-ntly featured awe-inspiring displays of acrobatic excellence.
Field of play
There are two trampolines next to each other, 2m apart and both just 10m away from the judging panel. Each trampoline is 5.05m long, 2.91m wide and 1.155m high. The bed has strips that are less than 6mm thick, and is attached to the frame
Trampoline at Games
Trampoline Gymnastics is a relative newcomer on the Olympic programme; it made its debut at the Sydney 2000 Games.
Gymnasts perform a series of 10 skill routines, with a variety of single, double and triple somersaults with and without twists. Precise technique and perfect body control are vital for success, with judges delivering marks for difficulty, execution and time of flight, minus penalties
Each competition for men and women features two phases: the qualification round and the final round. Athletes perform two voluntary routines in the qualification round: in the qualification round, the first routine (with two skills counting for difficulty) focuses on simplicity and excellent execution, while the second exercise has no difficulty limitations. The eight athletes with the best scores advance to the final for one more voluntary routine of 10 different skills, which determines the results of the competition
Eleven judges watch the routine and award scores for difficulty, execution and time of flight. Marks are taken off for infringements and errors.
Barani: a front somersault with a half-twist
Fliffus: a double somersault with at least a half-twist
Triffus: a triple somersault with at least a half-twist
Rudolph: a front somersault with 1½ twists, sometimes known as a ‘Rudy’