The intensity of reality when explored can be magical
This style of visual art began evolving as early as the first decade of the 20th century. But, it was only in 1925 when magic realism and new objectivity were officially recognised as major trends. Franz Roh published a book on the subject the same year, translated as After Expressionism: Magical Realism: Problems of the Newest European Painting.
Gustav Hartlaub curated the seminal exhibition on the theme, entitled simply Neue Sachlichkeit (translated as New Objectivity), at the Kunsthalle Mannheim in Mannheim, Germany.
The magical realism is theoretical or critic’s rhetoric. Eventually under Massimo Bontempelli guidance, the term magic realism was fully embraced by the German as well as in Italian practicing communities. The style was roughly divided into two subcategories: conservative, (neo-)classicist painting.
When art critic Franz Roh applied the term magic realism to visual art in 1925, he was designating a style of visual art that brings extreme realism to the depiction of mundane subject matter, revealing an interior mystery, rather than imposing external, overtly magical features onto this everyday reality.
In painting, magical realism is a term often interchanged with post-expressionism for the very title of Roh’s 1925 essay was Magical Realism:Post-Expressionism. Roh used this term to describe painting that signalled a return to realism after expressionism’s extravagances, which sought to redesign objects to reveal the spirits of those objects.
Magical realism, according to Roh, instead faithfully portrays the exterior of an object, and in doing so the spirit, or magic, of the object reveals itself. Recent magic realism has gone beyond mere overtones of the fantastic or surreal to depict a frankly magical reality, with an increasingly tenuous anchoring in everyday reality.
Category: Art & Design