They initiated the first Canadian national art movement
The Group of Seven also known as the Algonquin school, were a group of Canadian landscape painters. They originally consisted of Franklin Carmichael (1890–1945), Lawren Harris (1885–1970), AY Jackson (1882–1972), Frank Johnston (1888–1949), Arthur Lismer (1885–1969), JEH MacDonald (1873–1932), and Frederick Varley (1881–1969). They were active from 1920-1933.
The two artists that are commonly associated with this group are Tom Thomsom (1877-1917) and Emily Carr (1871-1945). Thomson died before the official formation of the group but had a significant influence on the group.
Lawren Harris, in his essay The Story of the Group of Seven wrote that Thomson “was a part of the movement before we pinned a label on it”.
Two of Thomson’s paintings ‘The West Wind’ and ‘The Jack Pine’ were the most iconic pieces of the group.
Emily Carr, though closely associated with the group wasn’t an official member. The Group of Seven believed that distinct Canadian art could be developed through direct contact with nature.
They are also responsible for initiating the first Canadian national art movement.
The Group of Seven was succeeded by the Canadian Group of Painters in the 1930s, which allowed female members.